The philosophy behind the development of employment and self-employment support and strategies should be based on the following principles:

  • Individual-Centered Approach
  • Holistic Support
  • Skills Development and Training
  • Entrepreneurship and Self-Employment
  • Collaboration and Partnership
  • Inclusion and Diversity
  • Continuous Support and Follow-up
  • Evaluation and Improvement


It should be recognized that each person has unique skills, abilities, and aspirations, adopting an individual-centered approach that focuses on understanding and addressing the specific needs and goals of individuals seeking employment or self-employment opportunities. Personalized support and guidance should be provided to help them navigate the job market or establish their own businesses.

A holistic approach should be taken to support individuals in their employment journey, recognizing that employment is not just about finding a job but also about personal growth, well-being, and financial stability. A range of support services should be offered, including career counseling, skills development, mentorship, financial literacy, and access to resources such as job boards, networking opportunities, and training programs.

Skill development and training programs should be facilitated that align with the evolving demands of the job market, identifying the skills that are in demand and providing individuals with opportunities to acquire or upgrade their skills through training initiatives, workshops, vocational programs, apprenticeships, and online learning platforms. A culture of lifelong learning should be fostered to empower individuals to adapt to changing employment landscapes.

Encourage and support entrepreneurship and self-employment as viable alternatives to traditional employment, providing aspiring entrepreneurs with resources, training, mentorship, and access to capital to help them start and sustain their own businesses. An entrepreneurial ecosystem should be fostered that facilitates networking, collaboration, and knowledge sharing among self-employed individuals.

Collaboration and partnership among various stakeholders involved in employment and self-employment support should be fostered, creating synergies among the stakeholders to leverage their expertise, resources, and networks for the benefit of individuals seeking employment or self-employment opportunities. This may include government agencies, educational institutions, industry associations, non-profit organizations, and private sector entities.

Promote diversity and inclusion in employment and self-employment support initiatives, ensuring that programs and strategies are accessible and inclusive for individuals from all backgrounds, including those from marginalized communities, individuals with disabilities, and underrepresented groups. Barriers to employment and self-employment should be addressed, such as discrimination, lack of access to resources, and systemic inequalities.

The journey to employment or self-employment is an ongoing process. Continuous support and follow-up services should be provided to individuals even after they secure employment or start their own businesses, offering mentorship, networking opportunities, and resources to help them thrive in their chosen path and navigate any challenges they may encounter.

Regularly evaluate the effectiveness of employment and self-employment support programs and strategies (Evaluation and Improvement), measuring outcomes such as employment rates, business success rates, and individual satisfaction, collecting feedback from participants and stakeholders to identify areas for improvement and make necessary adjustments to ensure the programs remain relevant and impactful.